Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Conference: Landscape and Place Names

The Essex Place Names Project Group will be holding a one day conference at the Essex Record Office on Saturday, the 18th of March 2017. The key note speaker will be Professor Stephen Rippon from Exeter University. The thematic focus of the conference will be Landscape and Place Names.

Landscape and Place Names Conference - to be held March 2017
News from the Essex Place Names Project group, supported by the Essex Society for Archaeology and History.

This Day Conference will be held at the Essex Record Office on Saturday 18th March 2017.  The key speaker will be Professor Stephen Rippon of Exeter University.  Please mark the date in your diary for 2017.  Further details from the ERO nearer the time.

Monday, February 8, 2016

Monthly topic by DMNES: Protestant names

In the last quarter two of the most exciting sources that they’ve been working through are The Registers of the Protestant Church at Caen, volume 1: Births & Marriages 1560-1572, ed. C. E. Lart. (Huguenot Society of London, 1908) and The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers, 1571 to 1874, and Monumental Inscriptions, of the Dutch Reformed Church, Austin Friars, London, ed. William John Charles Moens. (Lymington: Privately Printed, 1884). These, along with the many English parish registers that the DMNES Researchers are always continuously working through provide an insight into a unique trend in naming practices in the second half of the 16th C — the naming patterns of the Protestants. What they’ve found has been so interesting, they’re making it the monthly topic for January.

Protestantism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

True aficionados of historical onomastics will likely be familiar with Bardsley’s Curiosities of Puritan Nomenclature (London: Chatto & Windus, 1880) — the coffee-table book of names, the sort that you have lying around to open up at random pages to read off to your guests. (What, doesn’t everyone do this? Your guests are missing out…) Bardsley’s focus in this book, as is obvious from the title, is Puritan naming practices, specifically in England, so his focus is both narrower — we’re looking at Protestants in general, not just the Puritans, — and broader — we’re looking beyond just England, whereas his focus is almost exclusively English; additionally, we focus on the pre-1600 period, rather than spreading into the 17th and 18th C. Nevertheless, his book still provides a foundation upon which any study of Puritan names, or indeed Protestant names more generally, should be built, so they DMNES researchers begin our month by looking at some of his conclusions.
Curiously, Bardsley argues that
we must at once draw a line between the Reformation and Puritanism. Previous to the Reformation, so far as the Church was concerned, there had been to a certain extent a system of nomenclature. The Reformation abrogated that system, but did not intentionally adopt a new one. Puritanism deliberately supplied a well-weighed and revised scheme (pp. 42-43).
While there is no doubt that the Puritans took this new scheme of naming practices to the extreme, particularly in the 17th and 18th C, it is a mistake to take these new practices as being confined to the Puritans. The Reformation didn’t happen merely in England, but also on the continent, and they can see the same sorts of trends in naming patterns amongst the Dutch and the French as well.
They will be devoting individual posts to (at least) three distinct classes of given names which are specially evidenced in the French, Dutch, and English sources noted above:
  • Old Testament names
  • New Testament names
  • Virtue names
These classes are not unique to the second half of the 16th C (or thereabouts); examples of all of them can be found earlier. In particular in England, Bardsley notes that the Biblical stories enshrined in medieval mystery plays were a popular source for names, so already before the Puritan and Protestant influence we can find examples of Samuel, Noah, Judith, Esther, etc. (p. 35) However, these names were never common before the 16th C, and the DMNES onomasts also see many of the more obscure names first showing up amongst Protestant families. One important cause of the new take-up of both Old and New Testament names is the translation of the Bible into vernaculars over the course of the 14th and 15th C, thus making these names accessible to everyone. Bardsley dates the influence of the English Reformation on contemporary naming practices to 1560, “the year when the Genevan Bible was published”, which was “not only written in the vulgar tongue, but was printed for vulgar hands” (p. 38), though hints of the new trend can be found as early as the 1540s. 60 years may not seem like much, and certainly it’s a small percentage of the period the Dictionary covers, it will still provide us with plenty of names to study over the course of the rest of the month!

ANS Panel at the Modern Language Association Conference

Call for Papers for the Modern Language Association (MLA) Conference, Philadelphia, PA, January 5-8, 2016


ANS Panel at the Modern Language Association Conference

January 5-8th, 2016 in Philadelphia, PA

The American Name Society invites proposals for a panel under the theme of “Names and Multilingualism.” Multilingual and multicultural communities have been developed since the ancient world. The linguistic and cultural contacts within these communities have attracted the interest of a broad range of disciplines, where in some cases different strands have emerged. Personal as well as place names (i.e. anthroponymy and toponymy, respectively) mirror the interactions and the subsequent changes in those communities, thus modern scholarship often emphasizes their significance.

We encourage submissions pertaining to this topic from diverse perspectives, drawing evidence from literature, material culture, oral tradition, etc. of any period or area. Papers may deal with any aspect of naming, e.g., personal names, place names, corporate or trade names, name theory, etc. Submissions for interdisciplinary approaches are most welcome.
Proposal submission process:
  1. Proposals should include a title and abstract up to 350 words.
  2. Proposals should be sent via email attachment (PDF format) to Andreas Gavrielatos [] with “MLA proposal” in the subject line. Please, include the Title, Name of Speaker, Affiliation and email address in the body of the email and NOT in the abstract.
  3. Proposals must be received by 5pm GMT on 13 March 2016. Proposers will be notified of results soon thereafter, following blind review of proposals.
  4. Panelists must be members of both MLA and ANS in order to present.
  5. For questions, please contact Andreas Gavrielatos at the email address above.

Saturday, February 6, 2016

Conference on Babylonian Names and Name-Giving

BANANA Conference 2016

ActivitiesGeschrieben von Melanie Gross Di, Dezember 22, 2015 10:58:58

The project Greater Mesopotamia Reconstruction of its Environment and History, Work package V:

History and Chronology is looking forward to its First International BANANA Conference


which will be held at the University of Leuven on February 8–9, 2016.

Recent years have seen major advances in the prosopographic study of cuneiform sources from second and first millennium BCE Babylonia with the publication of a large number of archival documents containing thousands of personal names from the Old, Middle and Neo-Babylonian periods. Thus we have the resources to look for and define patterns in the selection of names and to evaluate their significance.

The study of Babylonian personal names has hitherto focused primarily on the linguistic characteristics of the names, analyzing their constitutive elements and classifying them in different types. However, names also bear socio-historical information about the name-bearer, his or her family and the society in which (s)he lived. They usually reveal a great deal about cultural origins, social situations prevailing at a given time, changing conditions and changes in the structural make up of society or society’s ethnic make-up.

The aims of the conference are to investigate how cuneiform onomastic data can contribute to our understanding of Babylonia’s social history, and which theoretical and technical frameworks are needed to gather and use the vast onomastic data from second and first millennium BCE Babylonia for this purpose successfully. The conference focuses on given names as well as ancestral or family names, and is not limited to one period of Babylonian history but favors a diachronic approach with the focus on changes in naming trends, especially between the second and the first millennium BCE.
The conference endeavors to include a diverse range of perspectives and disciplines concerned with a span of topics, areas and periods as they relate to names and name giving Ancient Mesopotamian Religious Iconography from different kudurru´s. Babylonian God/ Goddess Pantheon.  Detail, and names of each god and ...: Götter Und Göttinnen, Falsche Götterpractices in Babylonia in the second and first millennia BCE.

We welcome talks that situate Babylonia’s onomastic data within theoretical frameworks such as Social Network Analysis or the ongoing structure versus agency debate of the social sciences, and reflect upon the following topics and questions:

- the relationship between the type of name and the person’s belonging to a particular sector of society, as for instance exemplified by the existence of slave names and occupational names (Beamtennamen)

- the appearance of tri-partite names and usage of family names

- the distribution of names and name patterns within families within one generation of the same family and from one generation to the other

- the circumstances surrounding the use of abbreviated names, nicknames (incl. those of the so-called Banana-type), double names and hybrid names (esp. in multicultural environments), and those surrounding the change of name (e.g. passage from one life stage to another; change in the profession, class or status of the person)

- the incorporation of non-Babylonian names into the elite Babylonian families and vice-versa the acceptance of Babylonian names by immigrant populations, and other cross-cultural name combinations seen in the onomastic record that touch upon the elusive concept of “Babylonianess”

- the choice of name in priestly families as a way to express ideological identification

- the feasibility of developing a digital name corpus for first millennium BCE Babylonia through international and interdisciplinary collaboration

More information:


Les sciences de l’onomastique connaissent une véritable dynamique en Algérie

Constantine : colloque international sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et dans les pays du Sahel Constantine : colloque international sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et dans les pays du Sahel photo-APS

CONSTANTINE - Les sciences de l’onomastique connaissent "une véritable dynamique" en Algérie, a estimé mardi à Constantine le docteur en sciences du langage à l’unité de recherches sur les systèmes de dénomination en Algérie (RASYD), Ouardia Yermeche.

"Plusieurs équipes de chercheurs, chapeautées par le Centre national d’anthropologie sociale et culturelle (CRASC) et l’unité RASYD ont été créées dans les domaines de la toponymie et de l’anthroponymie, et œuvrent à présenter des études sur les systèmes de dénomination en Algérie", a précisé à l’APS cette universitaire au deuxième jour des travaux du colloque international sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et dans les pays du Sahel.

Elle a ajouté, dans ce contexte, que les différentes recherches inscrites dans la cadre de cette dynamique concernent la recherche du patrimoine onomastique algérien, des noms géographiques, des noms propres "dans toutes leurs composantes et leurs pluralités", aussi bien au niveau structurel que linguistique.

Affirmant que ces démarches visent à "valoriser un immense héritage immatériel et à souligner toutes les spécificités, ainsi qu’à  relever les dysfonctionnements", Mme Yermeche a précisé que ces mêmes recherches mettent en avant "l’algérianité" de ce patrimoine.

Ces recherches sont en mesure, selon elle, de proposer une "politique de normalisation" fondée sur des critères de choix de toponymes et de règles précises d’écritures, indispensables à leur officialisation".

Pour sa part, le vice-président de la commission Saoudienne des noms géographiques, Abdallah Benacer Al Waliai, a reconnu que "d’importantes étapes" dans le domaine de la normalisation des noms géographiques ont été franchies dans son pays.

Dans les détails, M. Al Waliai a souligné que quinze (15) institutions conjuguent leurs efforts en Arabie Saoudite pour recenser et éditer un grand patrimoine lié aux noms géographiques, noms de lieux et noms propres. Il a ajouté qu’une encyclopédie des noms géographiques comprenant 73.000 noms propres au royaume a été éditée récemment.

Il a aussi souligné que l’essentiel des recherches britanniques sur la toponymie saoudienne, entre 1890 et aujourd’hui, a été revu et réédité localement dans des dictionnaires comportant plus de 26 000 index.

Toujours dans la démarche de normalisation des noms géographiques, l’expert saoudien a précisé qu’une nouvelle encyclopédie sur "les noms géographiques dans la Mer Rouge" est en cours d’édition.

Au deuxième jour des travaux de ce colloque international organisé par le département Colloques de la manifestation "Constantine, capitale 2015 de la culture arabe", la problématique de la toponymie au Mali a été traitée par Mahamadi Saloum Toure.

Le conférencier a détaillé les efforts consentis dans son pays pour l’élaboration d’une toponymie "fiable et harmonieuse" reflétant réellement les langues et les dialectes du Mali.

Leïla Belkaim, de l’université de Tiaret, a abordé, quant à elle, les noms propres dans des œuvres de Yasmina Khadra comme "Chants cannibales", "Les agneaux du seigneur", "L’écrivain" et "Ce que le jour doit à la nuit".

Colloque international sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et le Sahel

Constantine 2015: un colloque international lundi sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et le Sahel

CONSTANTINE - Un colloque international sur l’onomastique dans le monde arabe et les pays du Sahel sera organisé, lundi, dans le cadre de la manifestation "Constantine, capitale de la culture arabe", a annoncé dimanche le responsable du département Colloques, Slimane Hachi.
Des conférences portant sur la toponymie antique de la Numidie, la problématique du système de "romanisation des caractères arabes aux caractères latins", ainsi que sur les dysfonctionnements dans la normalisation des noms géographiques, inaugureront cette rencontre de trois jours, a précisé M. Hachi au cours d’une conférence de presse organisée au siège du commissariat de la manifestation.
Affirmant que les toponymies constituent ‘‘un élément important de l’identité des peuples et du processus historique d’identification’’, le conférencier a indiqué que le président de la division arabe de la toponymie, du groupe d’experts des Nations-Unies pour les noms géographiques (GENUNG), Awni Khaswana, abordera les efforts déployés dans le monde arabe pour normaliser les noms géographiques.

Il a également ajouté, dans ce contexte, que le colloque consacrera un volet à l’onomastique dans la littérature arabe, à travers les noms des personnages et des lieux rapportés dans les romans, et axera sur les nouvelles pratiques caractérisant les réseaux sociaux et leurs impacts sur l’onomastique.
Soutenant que l’objectif de ce colloque est de ‘‘mettre en évidence, entre autres, l’intérêt stratégique de la toponymie dans l’élaboration des cartographies, du recensement et des statistiques, le responsable du département Colloques a indiqué que cette rencontre ‘‘permettra aussi de lancer une réflexion sur l’importance d’adopter un système de romanisation arabe’’.

Friday, February 5, 2016

American Name Society is inviting for the 2017 annual conference

The ANS is inviting abstract submissions for the 2017 annual conference to be held in conjunction with the Linguistic Society of America.  Abstracts in any area of onomastic research are welcome.

The deadline for receipt of abstracts is June 30, 2016.

To submit a proposal, complete the 2017 Author Information Sheet. Please email this completed form to Dr. I. M. Nick []. For organizational purposes, please be sure to include the phrase “ANS 2017” in the subject line of your email.

Presenters who may need additional time to secure international payments and travel visas to the United States are urged to submit their proposal as soon as possible.

All proposals will be subjected to blind review.

Official notification of proposal acceptances will be sent on or before September 30, 2016.

All authors whose papers have been accepted must be current members of the ANS and need to register with both the ANS and the Linguistic Society of America.

Please feel free to contact Dr. I. M. Nick should you have any questions or concerns.

We look forward to receiving your Submission!

Neuerscheinung: Luxemburger Familiennamenbuch

Endlich ist unser Luxemburger Familiennamenbuch im renommierten Verlag de Gruyter Mouton (Berlin/New York) erschienen. Neben dem 2012 erschienen Online-Atlas zur Kartierung aller luxemburgischen Familiennamen im europäischen Kontext präsentiert die vorliegende Buchpublikation die zentralen Ergebnisse des FNR-Forschungsprojekts Luxemburgischer Familiennamenatlas (LFA). Das Buch richtet sich an Sprachhistoriker und Genealogen sowie an eine breite interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Erstmals werden in dieser Publikation die Familiennamen des heutigen Luxemburgs aus sprachhistorischer Perspektive analysiert und systematisiert. Die 2500 häufigsten Familiennamen werden basierend auf synchronen und diachronen Quellen sorgfältig hinsichtlich Namentyp, Etymologie, sprachhistorischer Entwicklung und geographischer Verbreitung untersucht. Die Beschreibung der Verbreitung ist nicht auf Luxemburg eingeschränkt, sondern berücksichtigt auch die Grenzregionen mit Deutschland, Frankreich, Belgien und den Niederlanden, um historische Gemeinsamkeiten und Migrationen im Raum zwischen Maas und Rhein herauszustellen. Berücksichtigung findet folglich auch der Sprachkontakt zwischen Germania und Romania. Durch ein Verweissystem werden strukturell zusammengehörige Namen (etwa Varianten, Zusammensetzungen oder Ableitungen) miteinander verbunden, sodass die Charakteristiken der Luxemburger Familiennamenlandschaft deutlich wird. Eine ausführliche Einleitung sowie mehrere Anhänge runden dieses Nachschlagewerk ab.

Kollmann, Cristian / Gilles, Peter / Muller, C
laire (2016). Luxemburger Familiennamenbuch. Unter Mitarbeit von Amaru Flores und Britta Weimann. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter Mouton. ISBN: 978-3-11-041076-1. 59,95 €

Zum Produktflyer

Ausschnitt aus dem Familiennamenbuch
Bildschirmfoto 2016-01-28 um 14.26.24

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

«Ономастика шыңы» атты республикалық дәстүрлі мерекелік шара өтті

«Ономастика шыңы» атты республикалық дәстүрлі мерекелік шара өтті
Әл-Фараби атындағы Қазақ ұлттық университетінің студенттері мемлекетіміздің білімді ғана емес, білікті, танымы жоғары студенттердің қатарынан орын алатыны белгілі. Университетімізде бүгінгі таңда студенттерге біліммен қатар, тәрбиелік мәні зор білікті студент, ертеңгі еліміздің мықты маманы болуға барлық мүмкіндіктер жасалған.  

Филология және әлем тілдері факультетінің жалпы тіл білімі және еуропа тілдері кафедрасының жанынан құрылған «Жерұйық» ономастикалық өлкетану клубы 2012 жылдың қыркүйегінде құрылған содан бері «ат», «атау беру» мәселесі бойынша ай сайын клуб мүшелері (факультеттің студенттері) ғылыми және танымдық түрлі іс-шаралар ұйымдастырып, мүмкіндіктерінше өткізіп келеді.

Еліміздің атаулы мерекелеріне байланысты қаншама шаралар өтті. Мысалы: университетіміздің 80 жылдық мерейтойына орай факультет, дәрістер мен зертханалар атауларына байланысты дөңгелек үстел, сонымен қатар 2014 жылдың сәуір айында «Ономастика – Қоғам – Уақыт» атты І республикалық ғылыми-танымдық студенттердің конференциясы, «Қазақ хандығының 550 жылдығына» орай өткен 2015 жылдың сәуір айындағы ІІ республикалық ғылыми танымдық студенттер конференциясы да жоғары деңгейде өтті.  Бұл аталған үлкен шаралар болса, ал ай сайынғы  түрлі тақырыптағы дөңгелек үстел, жиындар, пікірталастар мен қайырымдылық шаралары өз деңгейінде атқаралып келеді.
Жақында «Ономастика шыңы» атты республикалық дәстүрлі мерекелік шарасы да өз деңгейінде, өзіндік ерекшелігімен өтті.

Алматы қалалық Тіл дамыту комитетінің төрағасы  М. Ахетов, Алматы қаласы Тілдерді дамыту, мұрағаттар және құжаттама басқармасы Ономастикалық жұмыстар және талдау бөлімінің басшысы Ө.Қ. Қалабай, сонымен қатар университетіміздің тарих, археология және этнология факультеті археология, этнология және музейология кафедрасының меңгерушісі, т.ғ.д., профессор А.Б. Қалыш және факультет деканының оқу-әдістемелік және тәрбие жұмысы жөніндегі орынбасары, ф.ғ.к. К.Е. Карбозовтың қатысуымен өтті. «Шет тілі: екі шет тілі» студенттерінің қызығушылықтары артып, келешекте атқарылатын жұмыстарға қатысты өз пікірлерін білдіріп жатты. Сондай-ақ, мерекелік шара барысында М. Ахетов өз баяндамасында Алматы қаласындағы топонимдік атауларға қатысты бүгінгі таңдағы көптеген мәселелерді айтып өтті. Мәселен көше атауларына қатысты, сонымен қатар тұрғын үй кешендеріне ат беру мәселесі, жарнама тіліне қатысты, сондай сияқты көптеген күнделікті қоғамдағы ат, атау берудегі өзекті мәселелердің бас-аяғымен таныстырып өтті. Оның ішінде, әрине қазақ та, орыс және ағылшын, т.б. тілдерге қатысты айтылып өтті.

«Ат», «Атау» мәселесі қашаннан өте даулы, өте қызықты екені белгілі. Алайда осы ат берудегі өзіндік мәселелері де шектен тыс қалған емес. Ал бүгінгі таңда бұл мәселе керісінше үлкен жауапкершілікті қажет етеді. Ат беруде қай тілде, қай елде болмасын көп жағдайда сол «ат», «атаудың» этимологиясына мән берері сөзсіз. Осы сияқты негізгі мәселелер бойынша тарих ғылымдарының докторы профессор А.Б. Қалыш та керемет баяндама жасады. Тарих ғылымының тіл білімінің ономастика саласымен тығыз байланысы жайында ескере отырып, нақты көптеген ділелдермен тұжырымдады.

Ономастика саласын зерттеуші, клуб жетекшісі, филол.ғ.д., профессор Г.Б. Мәдиева клубтың құрылуына түрткі болған «Ономастика теориясы» пәні бойынша айта кетті.

Жалпы клубтың есеп беру шарасы дәстүрге айналған, осы үш жылда атқарған жұмыстар жайында «Қазақ филологиясы» мамандығының 4-курс студенттері А.Алиев және клубтың жауапты мүшесі Мұхаметкерім Мұхит айтып өтті.

Шара соңында 1 курс студенттері клубқа қабылдау ресми түрде өтті. «Жерұйық» ономастикалық өлкетану клубының жаңадан қабылданған студенттерді құттықтай отырып, клуб жетекшісі, профессор Г.Б. Мәдиева негізгі міндеттер мен құқықтары, сонымен қатар атқарылатын шаралар жайында айтып өтті. Сондай-ақ, «екі шет тілі» мамандығының студенттері болғандықтан қазақ/ағылшын немесе қазақ/орыс/ағылшын тілдеріндегі топонимикалық, антропонимикалық мәселелерге қатысты қарастыруды да ұсынды.
Бұл мерекелік шара студенттердің дәстүрлі ән, күйлерімен жалғасын тапты.
Мәдиева Г.Б.,
Әл-Фараби ат. ҚазҰУ,
жалпы тіл білімі және еуропа тілдері кафедрасының
меңгерушісі, филол.ғ.д., профессор
Медетбекова П.Т.,
Әл-Фараби ат. ҚазҰУ,
жалпы тіл білімі және еуропа тілдері кафедрасының
доценті, филол.ғ.к. 

Monday, February 1, 2016

Magyar névkutatás a 21. század elejénévkutatás_a_21._század_elején_Hungarian_Onomastics_at_the_Beginning_of_the_21st_Century_

Magyar névkutatás a 21. század elején [Hungarian Onomastics at the Beginning of the 21st Century]

Szerkesztette: Farkas Tamás és Slíz Mariann


Nicknames: The English element

The DMNES Researchers have by no means exhausted the possibilities when it comes to discussing medieval nicknames, so they will probably revisit this topic again in spring! But to close out this month’s discussion of nicknames, they thought to take a look at specifically English diminutive suffixes.

One caveat, they’ll be focussing on Middle English diminutives, rather than Old English ones. There is a surprising diversity of Old English nicknames, but they tend to be hypocoristics rather than diminutives, and the DMNES researchers currently don’t have enough Old English data to be able to say anything useful or interesting. So they’ll leave that topic for later and focus on two uniquely English diminutive suffixes: -cock and -kin. Both of these were in use by the beginning of the 13th C, and had mostly fallen out of use by the middle of the 15th, with their traces being left in modern surnames (think Atkins and Hitchcock) rather than modern given names.

The first suffix is a bit of an onomastic curiosity; its origin is obscure. Withycombe hypothesize that it is related to Middle English cok (identical with Middle French coq), used in the sense of ‘good fellow’; however, examples of this as a word long post-date the first instances of the suffix in given names. [1] This suffix was never common, and the DMNES colleagues don’t currently have any examples in their data, but look forward eagerly to the day when we do!
The suffix -kin shows up earlier, from the middle of the 12th C [2]. The earliest examples are English renderings of Dutch and Flemish -ke(n), the masculine versions of the suffixes discussed here.  Their examples of this suffix show up not only in England, but also Ireland and Wales, showing the spread and influence of English naming practices in conquered territories. Dackin is a Welsh pet form of David, while Hopkin is a nickname of Robert. From the root name John, we have Jannekin and Jenkin in England, and in Wales Siamkin and Jenkin. Simkin is a Middle English diminutive of Simon, while Willekin is a diminutive of William, found in 12th C Ireland.  Their single example of this spelling of the suffix outside of England is Wolterkin, a diminutive of Walter showing up in 14th C France; the person in question is almost certainly from the Low Countries.


[1] Withycombe, E.G., The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. xxxiii.
[2] Reaney, P. H., & R. M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames (London: Routledge, 1991; Oxford University Press, 1995), p. xxxix.

Saturday, January 30, 2016

Visual exploration of the spatial patterns in the endings of German town and village names


Moritz Stefaner, as a data visualizer
an independent designer, consultant and Researcher, picked the most interesting suffixes from and cross-referenced them with a list of place names from geonames.

Darker colors indicate a higher proportion of place names with the respective suffix in a geographic cell. Hover over a cell for a while to see a tooltip with the place names.

Please note: his approach is not 100% scientific, as Moritz only matches the letters at the end of the string, not actual syllables. So, Kirchbach matches -ach (!)           

Yet, it's a dataset he always found interesting to explore; plus, this quick experiment gave the opportunity to play a bit with a few new tools and libraries Moritz wanted to learn more about.

Find the code at:

Städtenamen: Itz Osten          

And, here's a few screenshots. Feel free to use them when you report on the project, but please link back to this page.
Moritz Stefaner, 2016

Presentació de les publicacions de la Societat d'Onomàstica a l'IEC

La Societat d'Onomàstica va presentar el 15 de desembre de 2015, a la seu de l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans, les seves noves publicacions, la revista de divulgació Noms i l'anuari Onomàstica, que es poden consultar gratuïtament en aquest web i que són possibles gràcies als seus socis.
L'acte de presentació va comptar amb membres dels respectius equips de redacció. En la fotografia, d'esquerra a dreta, Fèlix Bruguera, Ventura Castellvell, Joan Tort i Albert Turull.

    Friday, January 29, 2016

    Атонимические оппозиции тамбовских прозвищ с семантикой оценки


    • ГРНТИ: 16 — Языкознание
    • ВАК РФ: 10.02.00
    • УДK: 81
    • Указанные автором: УДК:81’23

    Научная библиотека КиберЛенинка:

    Ключевые слова
    • ANTONYMOUS OPPOSITIONS                        

    Аннотация  научной статьипо языкознанию, автор научной работы — МОРОЗОВА МАРИНА ЮРЬЕВНА

    Рассматриваются отличительные признаки прозвищ от имен нарицательных, которые служат основой их формирования. Антропонимическая картина мира, в отличие от языковой картины мира в целом, всегда более образна, конкретна, более детализирована и отличается достаточно субъективным характером. Этот факт объясняется тем, что современные прозвища экспрессивны по причине того, что образуются они на основе метафорических и метонимических переносов от апеллятивов. Дается авторское толкование ономастического термина прозвище, которое понимается как неофициальное экспрессивно-образное или эмоционально-оценочное имя, которое употребляется в дополнение к антропониму или вместо него. Эмоциональный характер оценочности прозвищ обусловливается тем, что в большинстве случаев подчеркивание характеристики человека основывается на выразительности тех или иных качеств человека, в основе которых лежит семантическая контрастность имен нарицательных, лежащих в основе прозвищ. Оценка внешности человека в целом рассматривается на материале тамбовских прозвищ. В качестве примера в оценке человека приводятся оппозиции толстый - худой и сильный - слабый, а также прозвища и данные по отдельным частям человеческого тела, свидетельствующие о том, что в русскую ценностную картину мира входят, во-первых, прозвища, которые характеризуют внешние признаки человека, т. е. его «тело», во-вторых, прозвища, в основе которых лежит оценка внутренних свойств - моральные и интеллектуальные качества или профессиональные характеристики. При общей оценке человеческого тела используются классификаторы типа волосы, голова, глаза, лицо, нос, губы, зубы, шея, рост, эксплицирующие зрительные основания семантики оценки человека.

    Abstract2015 year, VAK speciality — 10.02.00, author — MOROZOVA MARINA YURIEVNA

    The distinctive features of nicknames from nominal names which serve as the basis of their forming are reviewed. Antroponymic worldview differently from language worldview is always more figurative, specific, more detailed and differs from this one in rather subjective character. This fact is explained by that the modern nicknames are expressive at the reason of their forming at the basis of metaphorical and metonymical division of word from appellatives. The description of onomastic term “прозвище” (nickname) which is understood as non-official expressive-image or emotional-estimating name, which is used to supplement the antroponym or instead of it. Emotional character of estimating of nicknames is caused by that in most cases the underlining the characteristics of a person is based on figurative of some qualities of the person, in the basis of which lies semantic contrast of nominal names lying in the basis of nicknames. Estimation of person’s appearance in general is reviewed on the material of Tambov nicknames. As an example in person’s estimation were given oppositions толстый худой (far thin) and сильный слабый (strong weak) and also nicknames and the data on separate part of human’s body, testifying that in Russian value worldview are included firstly, nicknames which characterize external features of a person, i. e. «тело» (“body”), secondly, nicknames at the basis of which lies the estimating of internal features moral and intellectual qualities or professional characteristics. At general estimating of human’s body were used classificators of that kind волосы, голова, глаза, лицо, нос, губы, зубы, шея, рост (hair, head, eyes, face, nose, lips, teeth, neck, height), expressing visual basis of semantics of human estimating.

    Научная библиотека КиберЛенинка:

    Thursday, January 28, 2016

    Nicknames: Latinate diminutives in -el, -et, -in, -on, -ot

    In this post, the DMNES researchers look at a collection of diminutive suffixes: -el, -et, -in, -on, -ot, and their feminine forms. Withycombe calls them French [1], and while their use in England was certainly strongly influenced by the invading Normans, the suffixes ultimately derived from Latin, and as a result can be found throughout Romance-speaking areas. These diminutive suffixes were used individually but also in combination with each other, as in the name Mathelin, a French diminutive of Matthew formed by adding -el and then -in, or in Arthurian Lancelot, formed from Lance by addition of -el and -ot.

    Many common modern names reflect the use of one or more of these suffixes. For example, Marion and Alison, now often considered independent names in their own rights, derive from Mary and Alice with the addition of -on. Another familiar modern name, Colin, shows the use of -in added to Colas, a French hypocoristic of Nicholas; Col(l)ette is constructed in a similar fashion from Nicole). Harriet derives from Harry, an English spelling of the French pronunciation of Henry, while Charlotte is a feminine form of Charlot, a French diminutive of Charles; the Italian cognate is Carlotta. The same suffix added to Elias gives Eliot.

    The suffix -ot was quite popular in feminine names in both England and France between the 14th and 16th C, when we can find names such as Agnesot (from Agnes), Clarote (from Clara), Em(m)ot (from Emma), Harriot (like Harriet), Margot and Marguerot (from Margaret), Mariot (from Mary), Ph(e)lippote (from Philipa). In England, Wil(l)mot was an incredible popular diminutive of Willelma in the 16th C.

    In the DMNES earlier survey of where diminutive forms are the most popular, they saw that Portugal and Spain were among the regions with the lowest percentage of nicknames. What we do see in Iberia are diminutives formed by these suffixes. In Spain, the most common suffixes are -ino/-ina and -ot (for men) and -eta (for women), with examples such as Angelina (from Angela), Blanquina (from Blanche), Bernardino (from Bernard), Francina (from Frances), Huguet (from Hugh), Johanot (from John), and Loreta (from Laura). We have only two diminutives from Portugal — not enough to draw any conclusions from — and both are examples of Joaninus, an early 13th C diminutive of John.

    Finally, we comment on the use of these suffixes in Italy, in particular in one data set from Imola in 1312 [2]. This dataset has 2165 men bearing a total of 734 distinct name forms, and 326 women bearing a total of 174 distinct name forms; in this data set, nearly half of the names are hypocoristics or diminutives. There are 35 distinct diminutive suffices in the data, ranging from suffixes which appear only once to one which has 105 instances. 26 are used by men, 9 by women, and one is used by both men and women. Seven of the suffixes are compound, as in the examples of Mathelin and Lancelot above. In four cases, the first suffix is -(l)in-, being compounded with -ella, -ell(i)us, and -ucius; two of the remaining three have the same second suffix, -ellus, being compounded with -in- and -con-. As a result, the data shows a strong preference for compounding with -lin- and -ellus, with only one compound suffix containing neither of these (Bertholloctus, from Berthold); and this is the only example of this compound. The penchant the Italians had for stringing together diminutive suffixes results in some rather short names having excessively long nicknames. The most amusing example of this is Ugo, an Italian form of Hugh. The root name is about as short as you can get, but take a look at the variety (and length) of the nicknames!
    • Ugetus
    • Ugucio
    • Ugutio
    • Ugollus
    • Uguitio
    • Ugutius
    • Ugolinus
    • Ugezonus
    • Ugozonus
    • Uguzonus
    • Ugucionus
    • Ugoçonellus
    • Uguçonellus
    • Ugilinellus
    • Ugolinellus
    • Ugolinucius
    • Ugolinutius
    • Ugolinellius
    • Ugunzuyellus
    • Uguitionellus
    These examples put paid to the idea that the nickname is a shorter, easier-to-use form of the name!


    [1] Withycombe, E.G., The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. xxxii.
    [2] Uckelman, Sara L., “Given Names in Early 14th-Century Imola”, article in preparation.

    Namenforschung nach den Namenbüchern: Mit digitalen Daten und neuen Forschungsfragen in die Zukunft

    Kolloquium #5 in Olten


    Namenforschung nach den Namenbüchern: Mit digitalen Daten und neuen Forschungsfragen in die Zukunft

    Datum: Montag, 1. Februar 2016
    Ort: Fachhochschule Olten, Riggenbachstrasse 16 (Glassaal)
    Zeit: 9.15 - 15.00 Uhr

    Einladung zum Kolloquium Namenforschung Schweiz #5 

    Montag, 1. Februar 2015,

    9:15 – 15:00 Fachhochschule Olten,
    Riggenbachstrasse 16 (Gebäude Nr. 1 auf dem Lageplan) 4600 Olten, Glassaal  

    Liebe Namenforschende der Schweiz 

    Es freut uns, Sie/Euch hiermit zur fünften Auflage des Kolloquiums Namenforschung Schweiz einladen zu dürfen.  
    Die diesjährige Veranstaltung wird von der Forschungsstelle „Solothurnisches Orts- und Flurnamenbuch“ organisiert. Sie steht unter dem Thema ‘Namenforschung nach den Namenbüchern: Mit digitalen Daten und neuen Forschungsfragen in die Zukunft’ und soll wiederum eine Mischung aus Workshop und Mini-Tagung sein, die Gelegenheit zum Austausch, zur Diskussion und auch zum informellen Gespräch bietet. 
    Wir hoffen auf zahlreiche interessierte Teilnahme und bitten um Anmeldung per Mail bis zum 19. Januar 2016 unter folgender Adresse: 

    Wer eine abgeschlossene, laufende oder geplante namenkundliche Arbeit (Ausstellung, Namenbuch, universitäres Forschungsprojekt etc.) auf einem Poster präsentieren möchte, ist freundlich dazu eingeladen (bitte bei der Anmeldung angeben). 

    Bis bald in Olten und mit herzlichen Grüssen 

    Für die Forschungsstelle 

    Jacqueline Reber


    Kolloquium Namenforschung Schweiz #5

    Namenforschung nach den Namenbüchern: Mit digitalen Daten und neuen Forschungsfragen in die Zukunft. 

    Datum: Montag, 1. Februar 2016  Ort: Fachhochschule Olten, Riggenbachstrasse 16, 4600 Olten, Glassaal 

    9:15  Willkommenskaffee 9:45 Begrüssung, Eröffnung 

    10:00-10:35 Kettner, Andreas (Leiter Topografie, Hist. Vermessungswerke Basel) u. Kansy, Lambert (Leiter Archivinformatik Staatsarchiv Basel): „Ortsnamen vernetzt. Digitales Kartenmaterial als Hilfsmittel bei der Erhebung und Visionen der zukünftigen Anwendung“

    10:35-11:10 Mischke, Jürgen u. Siegfried Inga (Namenbuch Basel-Stadt): „Nach der Datensammlung und dem Namenlexikon. Der Auswertungsband des Namenbuchs Basel-Stadt“

    11:10-11:45 Prinz, Michael (Seminaroberassistenz Abteilung Lingustik Deutsches Seminar ZH): „Deutsche Siedlungsnamen digital“ (DSD) – auf dem Weg zu einem toponomastischen Informationssystem“  

    11:45-12:15 Postersession mit Kaffeepause 

    12:15-12:50 Stephanie Hosie (WSL, ETH) u. Philippe Hofmann (Namenbuch BaselLand): „Flurnamen in der Forschung am WSL*: Einsatz des Namenbestands in der Rekonstruktion der ehemaligen Verbreitung von Feuchtgebieten im Kanton Basel-Landschaft“ 

    12:50-15:00 Mittagessen

    L'onomastique comme enjeu : réflexions du point de vue linguistique, sociolinguistique et historique

    L'onomastique comme enjeu : réflexions du point de vue linguistique, sociolinguistique et historique
    Catherine Taine-Cheikh              


    Résumé : L'étude des noms propres ou onomastique constitue un domaine particulier, assez marginal, de la linguistique. Du point de vue de son fonctionnement, le nom propre semble en effet réduit à un rôle univoque de désignateur. Si l'on prend en compte, cependant, le processus de nomination, la simplicité — et la spécificité — du nom propre s'estompe. Derrière la relation de “désignateur rigide”, apparaît une énonciation qui souvent s'entend comme un message adressé par un énonciateur à un destinateur, collectif ou individualisé. Au signifiant s'adjoint un signifié qui traversera, avec plus ou moins de facilité, les années et les siècles. Dans cet article, j'évoque tour à tour les deux grands volets de l'onomastique, la toponymie et l'anthroponymie, avant de suggérer une manière d'inventorier cet important aspect du patrimoine mauritanien. Je montre, à partir d'exemples concrets, que l'étude de ces champs linguistiques particuliers intéresse l'historien et l'anthropologue, tout autant que le géographe et le linguiste.

    Type de document :
    Chapitre d'ouvrage
    Projet Sauvegarde et Valorisation du Patrimoine Culturel Mauritanien. Actes du 1er Colloque International sur « Le patrimoine culturel mauritanien » (Nouakchott les 29, 30 Nov. et 1er déc. 1999), Projet Sauvegarde et Valorisation du Patrimoine Culturel Mauritanien, pp.154-16O, 2000
    Contributeur : Catherine Taine-Cheikh < >
    Soumis le : vendredi 26 février 2010 - 18:29:54
    Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 janvier 2016 - 01:05:36
    Document(s) archivé(s) le : vendredi 18 juin 2010 - 18:57:24

    Monday, January 18, 2016

    Campaigners call for law to protect Welsh place-names

    Nicknames: The diversity of Italy

    The DMNES researchers are going to investigate Italy in a different way!
    While Italy may not have the highest percentage of nicknames of the geographical areas that the Dictionary currently covers, but it definitely has the most diverse. While other cultures tend to form nicknames by either truncating names into hypocoristics or by adding a diminutive suffix, both practices are mixed indiscriminately in Italian names — a name can first be truncated into a hypocoristic form, then augmented with a diminutive suffix, and then truncated again, and maybe augmented again, to the point where tracing from a nickname back to its root form is an exciting, and sometimes impossible, task. For example, take Giovanni, the standard Florentine form of John. In data from Florence and environs between 1282 and 1532 [1], more than 20 different forms of this name can be found, most of the nicknames:
    • Simple hypocoristicsNanniVanni
    • Simple diminutivesGianaccimoGiovannantoGiovannino,Giovannozzo
    • Diminutives of hypocoristics/Hypocoristics of diminutives:NozzoVaccinoVaccioVannozzoVanninoVannuccio
    • Diminutives of diminutivesGiovacchino
    For example, Giovanni > Giovannozzo > Vannozzo > Nozzo, takes the root name, adds a diminutive suffix, truncates it, and truncates it again. Looking at any individual step, the path is clear: But looking at the first and the last, few people who don’t know the interim would believe that Nozzo is a nickname of Giovanni!
    Another name which shows similar complexity in the construction of nicknames is Iacopo or Giacomo (Jacob). From Giacomo you can get to Giacomino, and from there to Mino. From Iacopo or Giacoppo, you can get to Iacopozzo and CoppoPuccio is a hypocoristic of Iacopuccio, a diminutive. But the strangest nickname is one that doesn’t fall neatly into the hypocoristic/diminutive distinction we’ve bee working with: Lapo. It comes from Iacopo by truncating it and then changing the initial consonant/vowel cluster. From Lapo we then getLapaccioLapaccinoLaponeLapuccio (a hypocoristic of which is again Puccio). Just as the route from Giovanni to Nozzo isn’t immediately obviously, neither is the route from Iacopo to Lapaccino!
    Diminutives are generally straightforward to identify the root name of, since all they do is augment another name. Hypocoristics which are formed by cutting off the final part of the name are likewise relatively straightforward. But hypocoristics which are formed by cutting off the first syllable or two of a name often become impossible to identify the root name, for there are many possibilities. The DMNES researchers mention two examples: Rigo and BelloRigo or Rico can be a hypocoristic of ArrigoF(r)edericoRodrigo, etc., while Bello can either be a standalone name in its own right (from Latin bellus ‘beautiful, fair’) or a nickname of any name ending in -b- or -p- augmented by the diminutive suffix -ello, such as Jacobello or Spinalbello. Similar ambiguities show up on the feminine side; Bella can be a standalone name in its own right, or a hypocoristic of Jacobella (Jacoba), IsabellaBellaflor, or any of other various names beginning with Bella-.
    The diversity of Italian nicknames is also evidenced by the variety of diminutive suffixes which are in use — but we will save them for another post as they show up in French and Spanish as well, as they are ultimately from Latin. 


    [1] Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532 (Brown University, Rhode Island),

    Friday, January 15, 2016

    PhD studentship on Berwickshire place-names

    HomeLeverhulme Doctoral Studentship commencing April 2016

    ‘Recovering the earliest English language in Scotland: evidence from place-names’

    The Leverhulme-funded project ‘Recovering the earliest English language in Scotland: evidence from place-names’ seeks a suitably qualified graduate to pursue doctoral research on Scottish place-names. The doctoral work will be on some aspect of the place-names of Berwickshire, and will be carried out under the supervision of Prof Carole Hough and Dr Simon Taylor. The successful candidate will have a strong background in historical linguistics, with a good first degree relevant to the history of English or Scots, and some undergraduate or postgraduate training in place-name study.
    This 3-year project will use place-name evidence to investigate the Old Northumbrian dialect of Old English and its development into Scots. It focuses on the historical county of Berwickshire, the heartland of Anglo-Saxon settlement in Scotland, and aims to collect and analyse all place-names in six parishes along the Anglo-Scottish border, and all major settlement names throughout the historical county of Berwickshire.

    The project is headed by Professor Carole Hough and Dr Simon Taylor, and draws on the University of Glasgow’s considerable and growing strengths in research within Name Studies and on Scotland’s history and languages. The objectives of the research are:

    • to investigate the Old Northumbrian dialect of Old English. As most Old English texts are preserved through the medium of the West Saxon literary dialect, place-names comprise key data for other varieties. The project will use place-name evidence to produce a ground-breaking study of Old Northumbrian, including its lexis, morphology and phonology.
    • to investigate the development of Older Scots in the Scottish borders. Like Middle English, Older Scots is a descendant of Old English, but it is uncertain how far the differences reflect the respective varieties of Old English from which they derive, and how far they result from interaction with other languages, particularly Norse. With no evidence of major Norse settlement in the borders, there is greater continuity of language from Old English to Scots here than elsewhere, so this is the best opportunity to establish which features of Scots derive from Old Northumbrian rather than from Old Norse.
    • to advance understanding of the relationship between place-names on either side of the present Scottish/English border. Cross-border comparison will both assist analysis of the project data, and lead to significant re-interpretations of place-names related to those in the study area.
    • to advance the recently-inaugurated Survey of Scottish Place-Names, making available data for the study of the history of language, settlement, environment, social organisation, and the use and perception of landscape.

    Candidates interested in applying for funded PhD study on this project are encouraged to make informal contact with Professor Hough ( in the first instance.
    Candidates wishing to submit an application should prepare and submit the following documentation:
    • A research proposal of no more than 1,000 words
    • A current CV
    • A transcript of qualifications to date (and anticipated results if you are still studying for your Masters)
    • An example of scholarly work up to 5000 words in length (e.g. a full essay or dissertation chapter)
    • 2 academic references
    The closing date for receipt of complete applications is 12 noon on Monday, 1 February 2016. Applications should be emailed to